NEET Chemistry Syllabus

National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test NEET Chemistry Syllabus for the medical examination in PDF format is available to download. Aspirants must be thorough with the syllabus for a productive preparation .

NEET Syllabus 2020 – NTA Notice

1 of 15Chemistry Preparation Tips With Syllabus & Reference Books for NEET Exam

NEET Syllabus 2020 – NTA Notice

NEET Exam Pattern 2020

ParticularsDetails
SubjectsPhysics, Chemistry, Biology (Zoology and Botany)
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions
Number of Questions
Physics – 45
Chemistry – 45
Biology – 90 (Zoology – 45 and Botany- 45)
Total -180
Total Marks720 marks
Duration3 hours

NEET 2020 Marking Scheme

  • Every question in the paper carries 4 marks.
  • Candidates will be rewarded 4 marks for every correct response.
  • 1 mark will be deducted from the total score for every incorrect response.
  • There is no negative marking for unattempted questions.

NEET 2020 Topic-wise Chemistry Syllabus

As mentioned earlier, NEET Exam would comprise of questions from 11 and 12 standards. NTA has derived the medical exam’s outline from three main subjects namely, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The detailed topic-wise syllabus stated by Medical Council of India (MCI) for NEET 2020 is tabulated below :

NEET Syllabus 2020 – Chemistry :

NEET chemistry syllabus is very vast and can be classified into three parts, namely 
Physical Chemistry
Inorganic chemistry and
Organic Chemistry

Class XI  Chapter

  • Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Structure of Atom
  • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  • Thermodynamics
  • Equilibrium in Physical & Chemical Process 
  • Redox Reactions
  • Hydrogen 
  • S-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) 
  • Some p-Block Elements 
  • Organic Chemistry-Some Basic Principles and Techniques 
  • Hydrocarbons 
  • Environmental Chemistry 

Class XII Chapter

  • Solid State
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics 
  • Surface Chemistry 
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • p-Block Elements 
  • d and f Block Elements 
  • Coordination Compound
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 
  • Alcohol Phenols and Ethers  
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 
  • Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Amines, Cynaides & Isocynaides 
  • Polymers 
  • Biomolecules 
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life Cleansing Agents – Soaps & Detergents

Weightage of Chemistry in NEET 2020

Chemistry is a moderately difficult section in the exam and will be weighed against a maximum of 180 marks.A comprehensive report about the Chemistry section is given below:

NEET Important Chapters 2020 Weightage
Chemical Bonding 12.50%
Basic Concepts 10.00%
Chemical Equilibrium 8.20%
Carbonyl Compounds 7.10%
Coordination Compounds 6.70%
Organic Chemistry – II 5.60%
Reaction Mechanism 5.20%
The d and f Block Elements 4.40%
IUPAC & Isomerism 4.00%
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 3.80%
Chemical Kinetics 2.20%
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 2.20%
Chemistry in Everyday Life 1.30%
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 1.00%
Environmental Chemistry 0.80%

Class XI Chemistry syllabus for NEET

UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 

Atomic and molecular masses Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry

UNIT II: Structure of Atom 

Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals. 

UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 

Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence. 

UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond. 

UNIT V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 

Three states of matter, inter molecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behavior of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behavior, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.  Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations). 

UNIT VI: Thermodynamics 

First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction 

UNIT VII: Equilibrium 

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of PH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples) 

UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions 

Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers 

UNIT IX: Hydrogen 

Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure 

UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group Group I and group 2 elements: diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses. Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca and potassium 

UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements 

General Introduction to p-Block Elements Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses 

UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques 

General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions. 

UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons Alkanes: 

Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis. Alkanes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition. Alkynes: Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water. Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity. 

UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry 

Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution 

Class XII Chemistry syllabus for NEET

UNIT I: Solid State 

Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators. 

UNIT II: Solutions 

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor. 

UNIT III: Electrochemistry 

Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion. 

UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics 

Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation. 

UNIT V: Surface chemistry 

Adsorption– Physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions. 

UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements 

Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron. 

UNIT VII: p- Block Elements 

Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only). Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only). Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only). Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses. 

UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements 

General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids. 

UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds 

Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems) UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, Optical rotation. Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT only). 

UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Alcohols: 

Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol. Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses. 

UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 

Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses. 

UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Amines: 

Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses,identification of primary secondary and tertiary amine Cyanides and Isocyanides: will be mentioned at relevant places. Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry. 

UNIT XIV: Biomolecules 

Carbohydrates: Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance. Proteins: Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones: Elementary idea (excluding structure). Vitamins: Classification and function. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA UNIT XV: Polymers Classification: Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers. 

UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life 

Chemicals in medicines: analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines. Chemicals in food: preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants. Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Distribution of NEET Questions from Class XI and XII Syllabus

There is often confusion about NEET Question Paper weightage with regard to the syllabus of Class XI and XII. Here is a report of NEET distribution of questions from class 11th and 12th in the previous year i.e. NEET 2019 paper.
Distribution of NEET Questions from Class XI and XII Syllabus

NEET 2020 Syllabus Topic-wise Expected Questions

Expected Questions for Chemistry in NEET 2020
Expected Questions for Chemistry in NEET 2020

Best Books for NEET 2020 Preparation

Since NEET is one of the most important medical entrance examinations in the country, there is no dearth in availability of preparation material in the market. However, preparing from too many sources can lead to confusion. Here we have a list of good sources to prepare from, candidates can pick as per their suitability.

Important Books for NEET Chemistry Preparation

NCERT should be at your fingertips as almost 30-35 questions are asked from here. Make use of help books for practice papers and sample questions. These are some of the best ones:
Book Title Author
Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry O.P. Tandon
Bull’s Eye Chemistry NEET Edition 2020 Seema Saini and K.S. Saini
40 Days Chemistry for NEET Sudhanshu Thakur
Objective Chemistry for NEET Vol. 1&2 R.K. Gupta
Organic Chemistry Morrison and Boyd

NEET Previous Year Question Papers– Download PDF [2013-2020]

Thank You !!

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  2. How To Study Chemistry For NEET(NTA)|Neet Exam Preparation|2020 Tips|Hindi
    YouTube Publication Date: 25 Feb 2017
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01 Solid State,3,01 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry,4,02 Solutions,1,02 Structure of Atom,2,03 Electrochemistry,1,03 Periodicity of Elements,1,04 Chemical Bonding,7,04 Chemical Kinetics,1,05 Gaseous State of Matter,1,05 Surface Chemistry,2,06 Chemical Thermodynamics,3,07 Equilibrium,7,07 p Block Elements,7,08 d and f Block Elements,1,08 Redox Reaction,1,09 Coordination Compounds,1,09 Hydrogen Chemistry,1,10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes,1,10 s block Elements,1,11 Alcohols Phenols and Ethers,2,11 Some p block Elements,2,12 Aldehyde Ketones and Carboxylic Acids,4,12 Basic Organic Chemistry,1,13 Hydrocarbons Chemistry,1,13 Nitrogen Containing,3,14 Biomolecules,3,14 Environmental Chemistry,2,15 Polymer chemistry,1,16 Chemistry in Everyday life,2,20,6,2O,1,Acids Bases and Salts,1,Alcohols,1,Alcohols Phenols and Ethers Question Bank,2,Atomic Structure Question Bank,1,Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry Question Bank,1,Biomolecules Question Bank,1,Carbonyl Compounds Question Bank,2,CBSE 11,1,CBSE 12,2,CBSE Class 10 Chemistry,2,Chemical Equilibrium Question Bank,2,Chemical Kinetics Question Bank,1,Chemical Thermodynamics Question Bank,3,Chemical Weapons,1,Chemistry Book,1,Chemistry News,1,Chemistry Song,2,Chemistry Syllabus,2,Class 11,1,Class 11 Chemistry,1,Class 8 Science,1,Condensation reaction,1,COVID-19,4,Download NEET Question Papers,2,Electrochemistry,1,Electrochemistry MCQs,1,Electrochemistry MCQs with Answers,1,Exclusive Chemistry,1,Food,1,General Chemistry,5,How do I study for chemistry,2,Hydrocarbons Question Bank,1,JEE Main,2,JEE Main Chemistry,2,JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus,1,JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2021,1,JEE Main Hydrocarbons Previous Year Questions with Solutions,1,JEE Main Question Paper,2,Lewis dot structures,5,MCQ Practice sheet,6,MCQs with Solution,1,Name Reaction,7,NCERT CBSE Syllabus,1,NCERT Syllabus,1,NEET,8,neet sample paper by nta,1,NEET | AIPMT | JEE Main MCQs,2,NEET 2020 Question Papers,1,NEET Chemistry Syllabus,1,NEET Hydrocarbons Previous Year Questions with Solutions,1,NEET Previous Year Question Paper,4,NEET Previous Year Question Papers,1,NEET Previous Year Solved Question Papers,3,NEET Question Paper,1,NEET Question Papers 2020,1,NEET Sample Papers,1,NEET Solved Question Papers,4,Nitrogen Containing Compound Question Bank,1,Organic Name Reactions,6,Oxidation Reduction,2,p Block Elements Question Bank,4,Phenols and Ethers MCQs,1,Phenols and Ethers MCQs (NEET; JEE Main),1,Practice Paper of NEET,1,Question Papers of NEET 2020,1,Radioactivity,1,s Block Elements,1,s Block Elements MCQs,1,s Block Elements Question Bank,1,Science News,1,Solid State Chemistry Question Bank,2,SOME,1,Study Tips for Chemistry,2,Surface Chemistry Question Bank,2,WBCHSE,1,WBCHSE Model Question,1,
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Advanced Chemistry: NEET Chemistry Syllabus
NEET Chemistry Syllabus
National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test NEET Chemistry Syllabus for the medical examination in PDF format is available to download. Aspirants must be thorough with the syllabus for a productive preparation .
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