Chemistry in everyday life mcq for Entrance Exam

Medical Entrance Examination

Q1: Which one of the following is employed as Antihistamine? [CBSE AIPMT 2011]
A Omeprazole
B Chloramphenicol
C Diphenhydramine
D Norethindrone
Answer: (C) Some common antihistamines include:
  • Allegra (fexofenadine)
  • Astelin and Astepro (azelastine) nasal sprays
  • Atarax and Vistaril (hydroxyzine)
  • Benadryl (diphenhydramine)
  • Chlor-Trimeton (chlorpheniramine)
  • Clarinex (desloratadine)
  • Claritin and Alavert (loratadine)
  • Cyproheptadine
  • Dimetane (brompheniramine)
  • Emadine (emedastine) eye drops
  • Livostin (levocabastine) eye drops
  • Optivar (azelastine) eye drops
  • Palgic (carbinoxamine)
  • Xyzal (levocetirizine)
  • Tavist (clemastine)
  • Zyrtec (cetirizine)

Q2: Which one of the followings is employed as a Tranquilizer drug? [CBSE AIPMT 2010]

A Promethazine
B Valium
C Naproxen
D Mifepristone
Answer:(B) some of the common tranquilizers
  • Noradrenaline: iproniazid and phenelzine
  • Anti Tension: chlordiazepoxide meprobamate
  • Anti depression: valium, serotonine, equanil
  • Sleep Medicine:Barbiturates are derivatives of barbituric acid medicine as sedatives :veronal, amytal, nembutal, luminal, seconal
Q3: Arsenic containing medicine used for the treatment of syphilis, is [Kerala pmt 2010]
A Tetracycline
B Ofloxacin
C Erythromycin
D Salvarsan
The artificial sweetener containing chlorine that has the appearance and taste as that of sugar and is stable at cooking temperature is [Kerala PMT 2010]
A Aspartame
B Saccharin
C Sucralose
D Alitame
The dyes which are used in reduced state and are then oxidized in the fabric by air are called [DUMET 2010]
A Azo dyes
B Dispersed dyes
C Basic dyes
D Vat dyes
Which one of the following is employed as a tranquilizer? [CBSE AIPMT 2009]
A Naproxen
B Tetracycline
C Chlorpheniramine
D Equanil
The role of phosphate in detergent powder is to [Delhi PMT 2009]
A Control pH level of the detergent water mixture
B Remove Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions from the water that causes the hardness of water
C Provide whiteness to the fabrics
D Form solid detergent as phosphate-less detergent are liquid in nature
Bithional is generally added to the soaps as an additive to function as a/an [Kerala PMT 2009]
A Softener
B Dryer
C Buffering agent
D Antiseptic
Which among the following is not an antibiotic? [Kerala PMT 2008]
A Erythromycin
B Oxytocin
C Penicillin
D Tetracycline
Answer:(B) Antibiotics are products of microbial growth and thus, antibiotic therapy has been likened to ‘setting on.e thief against another’.
Antibiotics are of two types :
  1. Bactericidal antibiotics have cidal (killing) effect on microbes. For example, penicillin, ofloxacin, amino glycosides, cephalosporins, daptomycin, fluoroquinolones, metronidazole, nitrofurantoin, co-trimoxazole, telithromycin and vancomycin. etc.
  2. Bacteriostatic antibiotics have a static (inhibitory) effect on microbes. For example, erythromycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, etc
Which of the following is used as a “morning after pill”? [Kerala PMT 2007]
A Mifepristone
B Ethynylestradiol
C Norethindrone
D Promethazine
Tincture of iodine is [AIIMS 2006]
A alcoholic solution of I2
B solution of I2 in aqueous KI
C aqueous solution of I2
D aqueous solution of KI

Engineering Entrance Examination

Aspirin is [West Bengal JEE 2010]
A Acetyl salicylic acid
B Benzoyl salicylic acid
C Chloro benzoic acid
D Anthranilic acid
The oxidant which is used as an antiseptic is [West Bengal JEE 2009]
C CrO3

State Eligibility Test

The class of drugs used for the treatment of stress is [JK CET 2010]
A Analgesics
B Antiseptic
C Antihistamine
D Tranquilizers
2-Acetoxy benzoic acid is used as [Karnataka CET 2004]
A Antiseptic
B Antidepressant
C Antimalarial
D Antipyretic

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